Liberia is the second oldest black republic in the world, after Haiti. It is the oldest republic in Africa.
Rice is THE staple food of the Liberian diet, and 99% of all Liberians eat rice at least once a day. If a Liberian does not eat rice, they will say that they did not eat for that day, despite having maybe eaten bread, fruit, or even spaghetti! Rice is served with a sauce called a "soup" (with chicken, dried fish, or beef) and eaten with a spoon, not a fork.
In 1959, the three presidents of Liberia, Guinea, and Ghana met in Saniquellie, a city in northern Liberia, for talks that would lead to the establishment of the Organization of African Unity. The OAU would eventually lead to the creation of the African Union.
Monrovia, the capital city of Liberia, was named after U.S. President James Monroe, who was a prominent supporter of the American Colonization Society's efforts to colonize Liberia.
There are sixteen ethnic groups (tribes) that make up Liberia's indigenous population. These groups include the Kpelle, Bassa, Gio, Kru, Grebo, Mandingo, Mano, Krahn, Gola, Gbandi, Loma Kissi, Vai, Belleh, Mende, and Dey people.
Liberia has an equatorial climate, with a constant, average temperature of 80 degrees Fahrenheit year-round (and a LOT of humidity). There are essentially two seasons: the rainy season (April 15--October 15) and the dry season (October 16--April 14).
The flag of Liberia is similar to that of the United States. There are eleven stripes that symbolize the 11 signatories of the Liberian Declaration of Independence. The red and white symbolize courage and moral excellence. The white star represents the first independent, Western-styled republic in Africa. The blue square represents the African continent.